Corn refiners buy and process between 10% and 15% of America’s corn production annually. They separate corn kernels into their component parts to make hundreds of products that touch consumer lives in countless ways everyday. For years, those ingredients have been used to make food taste better, cosmetics last longer, pharmaceuticals easier to swallow and plastics environmentally-friendly. Today, corn products are used in 3-D printing inks and studied by nanotechnology scientists as a method for delivering cancer treatments. Because corn refiners produce essential ingredients across so many industries, they have a powerful multiplier effect on the United States economy.
Yellow Dent Corn
Ethanol, corn sweeteners, corn gluten feed, and corn starches: native corn starch, modified corn starch, pregelatinized corn starch and dextrin
Annual Output: $71.09 Billion USD
Total Jobs supported: 237,673
Total Wages supported: $14.45 Billion USD
Exports: $2.03 Billion USD (starch only $311.97 Million)
The Turkish starch industry contributes to local farming by processing 25% of locally grown corn from thousands of local farmers each year. The industry separates its starch from corn, drying it to native and modified starches or breaking it down to its sugars and other value-added products. Almost 100% of corn kernels are converted to economically valuable products. The industry supplies edible oils, fish, calf, lamb and poultry meat, paper, textiles and more to local and international food and beverage industries. With its wide-ranging portfolio, from basic to high-end products, the Turkish starch industry is competitive and has the capacity to grow.
Glucose and fructose syrups, native corn starch, modified corn starches, crystalline fructose, polyols, maltodextrins, corn gluten and feed, ethanol
Supports 1,900 direct jobs
Exports over 400,000 tons annually
In 20 of the 28 EU member states, the European starch industry’s 28 member companies process 24 million tons of EU agricultural raw materials into 11 million tons of starch-based ingredients and five million tons of proteins and fibers. Of starch-based ingredients, approximately 60% go to the food and beverage industry, and 40% to industrial applications (mainly to the paper, cardboard, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries as a renewable alternative to fossil fuel ingredients). Of the proteins and fibers, approximately 90% go to the animal feed industry and 10% to the food industry.
Maize, wheat and starch potatoes, barley, rice, peas
Native maize, wheat and potato starches, modified starches, maltodextrins, glucose syrups, dextrose, glucose fructose syrups, polyols, wheat gluten, other proteins
Supports 15,000 direct jobs
Supports 100,000 indirect jobs
Exports 1.6 billion Euros
Annual industry turnover: 7.4 billion Euros
Corn-based starch is an important ingredient in Mexico for the brewing and paper markets. The industry is growing due to investments in brewing capacity.
Annual output of between $300 million and $500 million USD
Supports 2,500 direct jobs
Supports 7,500 indirect jobs
Ten of Russia’s 23 plants are the largest producers of 90% of all starch products. Annual production of starch and derivatives in Russia is 1.1 million tons, including 70% sweeteners.
Corn, wheat, potatoes
Native corn, wheat and potato starches, modified starches, glucose syrups, HFS, dextrins, maltodextrins, wheat and corn gluten
Supports 4,000 jobs
Annual output of $600 million USD
Exports worth $28.5 million USD
Founded in 1984, the China Starch Industry Association is a cross-regional and cross-sectional social organization composed of institutions divided into eight professional committees with 280 members. The rapid development of starch and starch derivatives in China has driven progress in the food, medicine, biology and chemical industries. At the same time, it has made substantial contributions to the healthy and rapid development of the domestic economy by helping agriculture, countryside farmers, the agricultural economy and protecting workers’ livelihoods.
Corn, potato, cassava, sweet potato, wheat
Native starch, pregelatinized starch, chemically modified starch, starch sugar, polyols, ethanol
Annual output of 30.1 million tons of starches
Annual output of 16.3 million tons of starch deep processing products
The starch industry is at the very heart of food production: supplying hundreds of ingredients for use in thousands of food products and animal feed.
At the same time, starches play a vital role in a wide variety of products beyond food. Natural and modified food starches can be found in products and processes in the consumer products, pharmaceutical, energy, industrial and chemical sectors.
With the world beginning a gradual shift away from fossil fuels as the primary engine of economic prosperity, there will be a larger opportunity for starch producers to contribute renewable, sustainable materials through the bioeconomy.
Whether it involves food and worker safety, resource efficiency or securing affordable food for a growing global population, sustainability is integral to the starch industry,
By the year 2050, the world population is expected to rise to over 9 billion people. In order to meet the nutrition demands of this growing population, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization predicts that food production will need to increase by 70 percent.
Consumers are increasingly concerned about the sustainable aspects of their food including safety, nutritional value and environmental footprint.
This focus on sustainable production growth must occur as climate patterns continue to change, populations increase and pressure mounts for transparency and accountability among food producers and processors.
Food safety is very important to worldwide socio-economic development, as foodborne diseases can cause significant disruptions in a country’s economy. Many of the issues that can cause unsafe food can be addressed through proper workplace health and safety procedures. Ensuring a safe and productive workforce is vital to the security of society as a whole.
We must meet the demands of now while ensuring future generations are able to meet their own means – all while balancing production methods with their environmental impact. And this must all occur within the framework of intensifying environmental regulation. Many of these responsibilities can be addressed through the advancement of the bioeconomy and biogenic CO2 as 21st century solutions.
A significant improvement in food production will be necessary to meet rising global demand while working with finite natural resources. This goal can be achieved through adaptation of best management practices on farmlands, more sophisticated farm equipment for efficient application of resources and an acceleration in the development and utilization of biotechnology.
The International Federation of Starch Associations is a developing global consortium of starch and sweetener stakeholders with four primary functions:
Corn Refiners Association
1701 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20006